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The Second Working Group Session of the Multilateral Assessment (MA) process was held on 4-5 June in Bonn, Germany, with 24 developed country Parties (from Annex I) being assessed of their quantified economy-wide emission reduction targets, as well as their progress towards achieving these targets.

The interaction amongst countries was constructive and positive. Countries highlighted the importance of the MA process in improving transparency and building trust amongst them.

Altogether 217 questions were raised for the 24 Parties during the 2-day MA session. This is in addition to the 332 written questions that were received on-line prior to the MA session.

Most of the questions focused on mitigation actions by countries across various sectors, quantification of the effects of policies and measures, the role of market mechanisms in fulfilling the 2020 targets, safeguard measures in place to avoid double counting of credits, and the role of local/ regional governments in the decision-making process of climate polices at the national level.

There were also a number of questions that sought clarification on policies and measures in reducing emissions from international shipping and the lack of information in the biennial reports on response measures.


During the session, Parties shared success stories and best practices in policy instruments and innovations, such as the use of market-based approach in promoting renewables and improving energy efficiency.

Overall, the multilateral assessment process provided a wealth of information that enhanced the Parties' understanding of climate actions in other countries. With this MA session, the first round of the International Assessment and Review Process (IAR) process for most developed countries has been completed, with the exception of Belarus and Kazakhstan, which will be multilaterally assessed in Paris later this year.

Hear the delegates speak about lessons.

Each Party’s web page displays their webcast and presentation.

Photo credit: UNFCCC.

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