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These pages and sections capture news of climate change and stories about the groundswell of climate action by governments, companies, cities, the UN and civil society around the globe. To provide feedback, email us at press@unfccc.int Photo©Naziha Mestaoui

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The UN Climate Change Secretariat has published an update to its synthesis report on the collective impact of national climate action plans (Intended Nationally Determined Contributions, or INDCs), submitted by governments as contributions to global climate action under the Paris Agreement.

Since the publication last October of the first synthesis report prepared ahead of the Paris Climate Change Conference, 42 additional countries submitted their INDCs. The updated report now captures the overall impact of 161 national climate plans covering 189 countries and covering 95.7% of total global emissions. (The European Union and its 28 member States submit a joint INDC.)

There are 137 of the 161 INDCs (85%) which include an adaptation component, reflecting a common determination of governments to strengthen national adaptation efforts. 

INDCs are expected to deliver sizeable emission reductions and slow down emissions growth in the coming decade. However, these are still not enough to keep the global temperature rise since pre-industrial times to below 2, or preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The “Updated synthesis report on the aggregate effect of the intended nationally determined contributions," along with all other related documents and information can be found on the UNFCCC website here.

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