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These pages and sections capture news of climate change and stories about the groundswell of climate action by governments, companies, cities, the UN and civil society around the globe. To provide feedback, email us at press@unfccc.int Photo©Naziha Mestaoui

Ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference in Paris (30 November to 11 December), this article aims to highlight that Technology Needs Assessments (TNAs) are supporting developing countries to implement climate technology projects and programmes, supporting low-carbon and climate resilient sustainable development.

Drawing on the outcomes of its UNFCCC technology needs assessment, Lebanon is developing innovative ways of supporting local producers to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change, and increase their profits. In recent years, rainfall in Lebanon has become increasing intermittent, unpredictable and scarce, with local fruit and vegetable greenhouse owners forced to pump water from deeper and deeper beneath the ground. Costs were rising due to the increasing costs for running the pumps, resulting in reduced profit margins and higher costs of produce. However, by conducting a climate technology needs assessment, Lebanon has been able to identify a cost-effective solution which is now bearing fruits (literally) to strawberry producers in the country.

Lebanon conducted its UNFCCC technology needs assessment between 2009 and 2013, identifying its key technology needs and priorities with regards to climate change. Through this assessment the country also developed action plans for implementing its technology needs. In determining its technology needs, Lebanon put emphasis on technologies which could support the country to adapt to the adverse effects of climate change, particularly droughts and their consequences on decreasing deep well supplies, while also increasing the water supply for the local economy and thus support national sustainable development. As an outcome of this activity, Lebanon identified rainwater harvesting from greenhouse tops as a key technology which can support the country to meet its goals.

Since the undertaking of its technology needs assessment, Lebanon has begun to implement projects which bring the benefits of this technology to local producers and strengthen the country’s resilience to the changing climate. The following video, prepared by UNDP, elaborates on one such project related to rainwater harvesting from greenhouse tops.

Technology Mechanism Supporting Countries to Implement Climate Technology Needs

While Lebanon has been successful in implementing some of its climate technology needs as identified in its technology needs assessment, the UNFCCC’s Technology Mechanism can also provide assistance to developing countries to support them in such initiatives. The Technology Mechanism helps countries to develop and transfer climate technologies so that they can effectively reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the adverse effects of the changing climate. It consists of two complementary bodies that work together to achieve its objective: the Technology Executive Committee (TEC) and the Climate Technology Centre and Network (CTCN). Find out more information about the Technology Mechanism here.

The TEC is the policy arm of the mechanism and analyses policy issues and provides recommendations that support country efforts to enhance climate technology development and transfer. In 2015 it analysed the technology needs assessments undertaken by developing countries to identify how the process can lead to project implementation, just like in the case of Lebanon. The TEC invites countries and relevant organizations to increase awareness and enhance the outreach of successfully implemented results of technology needs assessments to allow countries to effectively share and replicate successful implementation experiences.

The CTCN is the implementation arm of the mechanism and provides free technical assistance to developing countries on climate technology issues, supporting them to accelerate the implementation of low-emission and climate-resilient national projects. It is currently supporting countries to implement their prioritized technology needs. For example, read how the CTCN is currently helping Ecuador with waste-to-energy technologies.

Technology needs assessments

Since 2001, more than 80 developing countries have undertaken technology needs assessments (TNAs) to determine and prioritize there climate technology needs. TNAs are set of country-driven activities that identify mitigation and adaptation technology priorities of developing countries. They track the evolving needs for new equipment, techniques, practical knowledge and skills to mitigate greenhouse gases and adapt to adverse impacts of climate change. Through TNAs, developing countries create technology action plans for the implementation of climate technologies. Many developing countries have found TNAs to be a key tool in supporting them to shift onto a low-carbon and climate resilient sustainable development pathway.


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