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The G7 Environment Ministers’ Meeting in Toyama, Japan, has issued a joint communique which contains the following direct statements on climate change. The full communiqué can be read on the G7 website.

Climate Change and Related Measures

Paris Agreement

34. We welcome the adoption of the Paris Agreement on climate change at the twenty - first session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Agreement is applicable to all Parties and covers mitigation, adaptation, means of implementation, and transparency in a balanced manner. It represents a historic turning point for the global climate change measures and it aims to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change in the context of sustainable development and efforts to eradicate poverty . It defines long - term global goals, including holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C and pursuing efforts to limit the increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels . The Agreement is also an important milestone for adaptation establishing a global goal with the aim of enhancing capacity and climate resilience, and reducing climate vulnerability. It further has a provision of making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low GHG emissions and climate resilient development. The Agreement sets a long term framework under which Parties will regularly review progress and ratchet up their efforts to achieve the Agreement’s long term goals. An enhanced transparency framework established under the Agreement plays a key role for effective implementation by each country.

35. We welcome the fact that more than 170 Parties signed at the signing ceremony held in New York in April and parties have begun to deposit instruments of ratification, showing their strong political will to address climate change. We affirm the importance of early entry into force and balanced implementation of the Agreement , with participation of all Parties . W e are determined to show leadership with early and steady implementation of our nationally determined contributions by enhancing national measures in each country and look forward to securing progressively more ambitious action under the Agreement. We intend, and also encourage other Parties, particularly the major emitters, to take the domestic steps necessary in order to join the Agreement as soon as possible.

36. As the first meeting since the Paris conference of the Ad-hoc Working Group on the Paris Agreement and of the UNFCCC subsidiary bodies open s in Bonn, we call on all Parties to 8 actively engage in the work to help support the effective implementation of the Agreement, including development of detailed rules. We also strongly support Morocco’s efforts to make the UNFCCC COP - 22 a meeting emphasizing of implementation and action, and in this context we encourage all Parties and stakeholders to come to Marrakech prepared to showcase their ambitious climate plans and actions.

Long - term low GHG emission development strategies

37. We acknowledge the important role of the long - term low GHG emission development strategies for setting a framework in which countries, also informed by the global stocktakes, can plan their future contributions.

38. We recognize the importance of G7 members ’ leading efforts in developing long - term low GHG emission development strategies. Recognizing the IPCC Special Report on 1.5°C of global warming and related emission pathways and the UNFCCC facilitative dialogue on mitigation ambition in 2018, we commit t o develop and communicate our strategies to the UNFCCC Secretariat , as soon as possible and well within the schedule provided by the COP21 decision . Taking the lead in communicating these strategies will send strong signals to the private sector and other countries for the necessary transition towards a low - carbon society. Long - term low GHG emission development strategies are an essential means for reaching the long term goals of the Paris Agreement and the necessary balance between anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks of GHG s in the second half of this century.

39. For developing these long - term low GHG emission development strategies, and cooperating with other coun tries, we acknowledge the importance of research on future scenarios, strategies, and targets of each country, as well as knowledge sharing through researchers’ networks. We commit to deepen our exchange in this regard from this year on.

Mitigation measures including market - based approaches

40. In order to realize a low - carbon society, we recognize that it is necessary to take bold national measures by mobilizing an effective and efficient mix of policy tools and to work with all stakeholders and levels of government. We support the continuation of the Lima - Paris Action Agenda and call for the mobilization of state and non - state actors to be maintained and amplified in support of concrete pre-2020 actions. We are committed to actively engage in new coalitions and initiatives launched during COP21.

41. We recognize the necessity to realize more sustainable economic systems, where there is shared awareness on mainstreaming environmental friendliness. Greater innovation and enhanced information are essential component s to minimize environmental degradation in all sectors of the economy and at all levels of society, including at the household level. Transformation of the economic system through promoting environmental, social and governance (ESG) investments, and greening of financial systems are recognized as necessary to realize low - carbon societies. Greening financial systems in all aspects (banking, bonds, insurance, institutional investors, capital markets) is key to guaranteeing short - and long - term sustainable investments and mobilizing the private sector, new donors and multilateral development banks. 

42. Carbon pricing, including market - based approaches, has already been introduced in many countries and jurisdictions as a policy tool to reduce emissions cost - effectively and to support a transition to a low - carbon economy. We emphasize that such measures are effective means of enhancing innovation and low - carbon investment for long - term emission reductions, and thus should be further promoted. We expect the first Stra tegic Dialogue of the Carbon Market Platform that will take place in Tokyo will enable governments to share best practice and views on carbon pricing including market - based approaches, which can incentivize such innovation and investment.

43. The development and deployment of innovative technologies is essential to carry out transformational and long - term measures to address climate change. Some of these technologies are already at their deployment stage. Policy support is required, especially for the diffusion of low - carbon technology and products at its initial phase in all countries. We recognize that market mechanisms can support diffusion of leading low - carbon technologies and products globally. We encourage G7 partners and other governments to share good practices and lessons learnt through the implementation of domestic and international market instruments, inter alia Japan’s Joint Crediting Mechanism (JCM). We recognize the necessity of robust earth observations to enhance our ability to measure and monitor GHG emissions .

Measures with co-benefit

44. We recognize that there can be significant co - benefits from mitigation actions for adaptation, air pollution, resource efficiency, and other environmental, economic and social concerns. Identifying and adopting measures with co - benefits can facilitate further mitigation policies. It is widely recognized that effective emission reduction measures are in place at the national level in many countries, including measures covering transportation sources, and that these measures must have efficient compliance and enforcement mechanisms if we are to realize the public and environmental health and climate co-benefits of climate actions.

45. Resource efficiency and the 3Rs offer an important opportunity to address the gaps in often overlooked areas with significant GHG emissions, such as the supply chain of the manufacturing sector, while also in creasing economic development and competitiveness.

46. In particular, we recognize the importance of mitigating emissions of short - lived climate pollutants (SLCPs), including black carbon, methane, ground - level ozone and hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Measures to reduce SLCPs can help slow the rate of near - term warming, while realizing significant benefits for human health and food security. In this regard, we reaffirm the importance of working with partners including under the Climate & Clean Air Coalition and the Global Methane Initiative. We also support the adoption of domestic measures, as appropriate, to mitigate methane emissions including in the oil and gas sector and to improve the environmental performance of heavy - and light - duty vehicles.

HFCs and other fluorocarbons

47. On measures to address fluorocarbons, we welcome the decision in Dubai by the parties to the Montreal Protocol to address HFCs under the Montreal Protocol, and support adoption of a Montreal Protocol HFC phase - down amendment in 2016 . We also recognize the importance of implementing concrete measures to minimize emissions throughout the lifecycle of HFCs and other fluorocarbons, including through the management of equipment and appliances that use these substances during their operations and at the time of their disposal.

International aviation and maritime transport

48. Recognizing the significance of projected growth of emissions from international aviation and maritime transport , we welcome the efforts of states through the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and International Maritime Organization (IMO) to reduce emissions from international aviation and maritime transport and call on the member states to implement effective measures without delay. In particular, we emphasize the importance of reaching an agreement on a global market - based measure at the 2016 ICAO Assembly in order to enable carbon neutral growth from 2020 .

Actions and cooperation on adaptation

49. Recognizing the need for adaptation actions to prepare for and respond to the urgent threat of climate change impacts on human life and health, and socio-economic systems and ecosystems, both terrestrial and marine, we affirm the importance of mainstreaming climate change adaptation into policies, investments and programs, as well as of enhancing domestic governance and institutions for the effective implementation of national adaptation planning processes in collaboration with internal and external governmental bodies. We also recognize the importance of enhancing scientific knowledge on climate change impacts, further improving methodologies on climate change risk assessments or vulnerabilities analyses and effectiveness of adaptation measures, and sharing this knowledge among countries including through the development of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs).

50. Recognizing the importance of adaptation actions taken by various stakeholders including civil society and the private sector, we affirm the value of in formation platforms and communication among relevant stakeholders. We also acknowledge that it is important for national, subnational and local governments to work closely with each other for effective adaptation planning and action. Moreover, we realize t he importance of sharing adaptation knowledge and experiences of subnational and local governments and other stakeholders with the international community.

51. We also recognize the importance of promoting internationally consistent methodologies for climate change risk assessments or vulnerabilities analyses.

Support and cooperation to developing countries

52. We reaffirm the importance of the on - going support to developing countries. We continue our efforts to provide and mobilize increased climate finance from public and private sources . We encourage other countries to provide or continue to provide and mobilize climate finance . In this regard, we reaffirm our efforts to work on a balance for mitigation and adaptation support . We emphasize our willingness to promote these efforts through international cooperation, working jointly with countries outside the G7 and with other international actors such as multilateral development banks and the private sector. We look forward to working with our partners to support domestic preparations for the delivery of the national climate plans in developing countries in need, with a view to identifying mitigation opportunities that would contribute to closing the emissions gap globally and in forming their active engagement in the five - year ambition cycle to ensure we are on track to meet the long - term goal agreed in Paris and to 11 support adaptation actions to enhance adaptive capacity, strengthening resilience and reducing vulnerability to climate change.

53. We recognize the importance of capacity building support to enhance the institutional capacity of developing countries, in particular those with the least capacity, to take effective climate change action. Such support will include help to build institutional capacity in developing countries to enable tracking of GHG emissions and progress towards NDC, and to improve transparency of efforts by countries. In this regard, we are looking forward to arrangements to be made by the GEF to establish and to operate a Capacity - Building Initiative on Transparency and welcome the GCF’s readiness program in support of the implementation of INDCs .

Gender equality and climate change

54. We recognize the importance of assessing the different impacts of climate change on women and men . As women are often amongst the most disproportionately affected, we encourage their inclusion and that they play a key role in shaping climate change policies on mitigation and adaptation.

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