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These pages and sections capture news of climate change and stories about the groundswell of climate action by governments, companies, cities, the UN and civil society around the globe. To provide feedback, email us at press@unfccc.int Photo©Naziha Mestaoui

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In 2016, a total of 43 biennial reports of developed countries were reviewed and the results of this second review show that countries have strengthened climate action to reach their greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction targets for 2020.

In addition, the results show they provided more support to developing countries compared to the previous reporting period.

Also, the completeness of reporting has improved owning to the rigourous review process undertaken every 2 years. More transparent and stringent biennial reporting by Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) was launched in 2014. Started in the early 1990s, GHG inventories reviews are the most mature transparency process under the UNFCCC.  During 20 years of annual review processes, developed countries have built their national capacity in GHG data collection, methodologies and reporting.

Over 100 expert Lead Reviewers of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) inventories, biennial reports and national communications meet every year to evaluate the previous climate reporting cycle, increasing the transparency of implementation of climate action. Additionally, the experts decide how to improve the quality, efficiency and consistency of the reviews during the next review cycle.

Lead Reviewers are the most experienced technical experts engaged in the reviews under the Convention that aim to ensure consistency, efficiency, quality and objectivity of the reviews. The conclusions and recommendations of the meetings serve as guidance to the expert review teams and are inputs to the formal UNFCCC Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice.

To acknowledge excellency and commitment to the review process, nine lead reviewers of biennial reports (BR) and national communications (NC)  where presented wth awards. These included Mr. Xiang Gao for commitment, Ms. Anna Sikharulidze as a Debutante of the Year, Mr. Sandro Federici for Timeliness, Mr. Koen Smekens for Leadership, Ms. Patricia Grobben for Professionalism, Mr. Ioannis Sempos for Team Spirit and Mr. Roberto Acosta Moreno, Ms. Thelma Krug and Ms. Anna Romanovskaya for Lifetime achievement.  

The 2016 review cycle meanwhile set renewed review activities of GHG inventories. It was the first year of the review in the second commitment period and it was also the first year of the use of new guidelines. The discussions during the 14th lead reviewer meeting will be important to adapt the reviews of GHG inventories to the new conditions.

The GHG inventory and the Biennial Reports and National Communications (BR/NC) reviews are now a well-established part of the current measurement, reporting and verification system of the UN climate change process.  Along with the technical analysis of the biennial update reports and reviews of technical assessment of forest reference emission levels, these processes form a solid basis for the transparency framework for national action under the Paris Agreement.

For more information on the 4th BR/NC lead reviewers see here and for the conclusions of the 14th GHG inventory lead reviewers see here.

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