UN Climate Change
Government officials meeting in Marrakech have said that the UN’s Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has a key role in helping countries achieve the goals of the Paris Climate Change Agreement, which is to limit the global average temperature rise to 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius.
The Clean Development Mechanism was established under the Kyoto Protocol, and has been successful in generating climate action on the ground, with almost 8.000 projects and close to 300 large-scale programme of activities established in 125 countries.
The call was made at a meeting of Nationally Designated Authorities (DNAs) under the Clean Development Mechanism (“Global DNA Forum”) in the Moroccan city.
Also in Marrakech officials launched a portfolio of projects designed to boost the development of carbon market instruments as a means to help countries achieve their national climate action plans, to a large extent making use of the Clean Development Mechanism and the knowledge and expertise with CDM developed by Nationally Designated Authorities.
“Over the past decade, we have built significant expertise in CDM and in DNAs about how to identify mitigation opportunities, build capacity to enable implementation of projects, and apply means to monitor, report and verify that the projects result in real and additional emission reductions. This knowledge and experience is clearly an asset also for climate action under the Paris Agreement”, said Mr. Albert Magalang, co-chair of the Global DNA Forum.
The so-called Nairobi Framework Partnership (NFP) project portfolio consists of 21 projects elaborated over the past year by the Nairobi Framework Partners, together with some 80 DNAs from Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean.
Several projects relate specifically to cities and include for example systems being developed for the transport sector to ensure appropriate data collection, storage and reporting of air quality, transport-related and greenhouse gas data in urban areas.
“The Nairobi Framework Partnership project portfolio is aimed at providing support in the areas where NFP has built expertise together with the DNAs over the past several years, i.e. market based approaches and economic instruments, including CDM said Niclas Svenningsen, manager for Strategy and Relations in the Climate Change Secretariat’s Sustainable Development Mechanisms programme.
“The project portfolio includes projects touching as diverse areas as transport, agriculture, financing, power production, urban development, legal frameworks, and of course capacity building for new markets and market mechanisms”.
“This close cooperation between DNAs and international organizations is a good model for how we can work together at national and international levels to identify and bring forward the knowledge and support needed to implement Nationally Determined Contributions”, said Miriam L. Hinostroza, head of UNEP-DTU’s Low Carbon Development programme. “It also shows that this can be done in a short period of time, as this effort started less than nine months ago”.
The Global DNA Forum also elected new regional and global co-chairs as follows:
For African Group: Co-Chair: Ms. Ann Nyatichi Omambia (Kenya), and Mr. Gilbert Molekpo (Central African republic) as alternate.
For Asia-Pacific: Co-Chair: Mr. Albert Magalang (Phillipines) and Mr. Naqibullah Sediqi (Afghanistan) as alternate
For Latin America and the Caribbean: Co-Chair: Ms. J. Cristina Garcia Sotomayor (Ecuador) and Mr. Christopher Stuart Williams (Saint Lucia) as alternate.
For Eastern Europe: Co-Chair: Mr. Jeyhun Hasanov (Azerbaijan) and Mr. Mykhailo Ivanovych Chyzhenko (Ukraine) as alternate.
Ms. Ann Nyatichi Omambia was also elected as Global Co-chair from non-Annex I countries.
The “Western Europe and Other Groups” is to confirm their co-chair and alternate, as well as the co-chair for Annex I (developed) countries.
The Forum concluded with a call on parties to UNFCCC to ensure that the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) can continue to contribute to climate action in developing countries under the new climate framework emerging under the Paris Agreement.
The Global DNA Forum will reconvene next time at COP23 in 2017.
Note: Nairobi Framework Partners include: UNFCCC, UNDP, UNEP, World Bank, UNEP-DTU, IETA, LEDS, African Development Bank, Asian Development Bank, UNCTAD and several other organizations.
Learn more about the Clean Development Mechanism here