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Lima to Paris

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The Lima UN climate conference has set the stage for governments to deliver a new universal climate change agreement in Paris, at the end of 2015. The new agreement is aimed at putting the world on track to a low-carbon, sustainable future while keeping a global temperature rise under 2 degrees C.

The joint high-level segment of the COP/CMP started on Tuesday, 9 December with the participation of the Presidents of Bolivia and Nauru, UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and the President of the UN General Assembly. The UN Secretary-General delivered a message of “hope and urgency,” calling for increased momentum in global efforts. He said that, while governments were responding in unprecedented ways and businesses and communities worldwide were also stepping up, "collective action does not match our common responsibilities.”

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UN General Assembly President Sam Kutesa echoed the Secretary-General's words, warning that the world was moving towards a “tipping point.” “Without immediate and concerted efforts, it will be impossible for the present and succeeding generations to achieve sustainable development,” he said. UNFCCC Executive Secretary Christina Figueres said the time had come to leave “incremental change” behind and steer the world toward a “profound and fundamental” transformation. View webcast of the opening of the high-level segment. View webcast of high-level segment part 2.

Ban Ki-moon and Christiana Figueres also held a media briefing in the afternoon, where Mr. Ban reiterated the need for climate action now, adding that “the more we delay, the more we will have to pay.” View webcast

 Green Climate Fund and Adaptation Fund Receive Boost

The high-level ministerial dialogue on climate finance held Tuesday afternoon saw the announcement of new contributions to the Green Climate Fund. Australia committed $165 million and Belgium 51.7 million euros, bringing total pledges to the Fund to approximately $10.14 billion. "The $10 billion threshold reached here at COP20 is a landmark achievement,”  Hela Cheikhrouhou, Executive Director of the Fund, said in a press release.

The Adaptation Fund also received a boost, with a 55 million euro pledge from Germany.

China also announced $10 million for South-South cooperation and mentioned they would double it next year.

Negotiations towards the 2015 agreement

Under the Ad Hoc Working Group on the Durban Platform for Enhanced Action (ADP) Parties continued the review of the decision text. The COP President made a personal appearance at Tuesday’s contact group to urge parties to step up the pace of the negotiations. Two important points of discussion - intended nationally determined contributions (INDCs) and pre-2020 ambition - will be discussed in separate groups on Wednesday morning.

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Subsidiary Bodies

One of the remaining issues under the subsidiary bodies, Loss and Damage, concluded Tuesday with agreement on nominations for non-Annex 1 positions. Consultations on Response Measures, Reporting and Review by Annex 1 Parties under the Kyoto Protocol and Annex 1 Review Guidelines are continuing.

COP20/CMP10 Attendance rises above 10,000

Attendance at the conference continues to rise towards the finale. The total number of registered participants has exceeded 10,000 mark, now standing around 10,700, while the number of people at any one time on the Lima conference grounds peaked Tuesday at 7,115.

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Momentum for Change

December 9th was dedicated to gender and climate change. Gender is an important dimension in the response to climate change as women are often disproportionately affected by climate change impacts. As a result, the construction of climate change policies needs to be gender balanced. 

The UNFCCC's Momentum for Change initiative has taken on this important issue. On gender day, Momentum for Change welcomed United Nations Special Envoy for Climate Change Mary Robinson and Ms. Lakshmi Puri, Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations and Deputy Executive Director of UN Women for a rousing discussion of women's leadership in climate action.

Moderated by Lorena Aguilar: Senior Advisor, IUCN Gender Programme, they gathered to celebrate Momentum for Change's Women for Results climate solutions winners. Ms. Robinson said "Women's leadership is going to make a significant difference in climate resilience, climate action and renewable energy." Later, representatives from the winners took to stage for a panel discussion and to answer questions from the audience.

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Gender Day

For the third year running, UNFCCC Gender Day was held in collaboration with governments and partners from the United Nations, intergovernmental organizations and civil society to promote gender-responsive climate policy-making.

The action-packed day kicked-off with breakfast meetings of the Network of Women Ministers and Leaders for the Environment organized by UNEP and the Troika+ organized by the Mary Robinson Foundation – Climate Justice. The insightful press conference by the UNFCCC Women and Gender constituency was followed by a high-level event opened by COP 20/CMP 10 President, H.E. Minister Pulgar-Vidal featuring Ministers and leaders from the United Nations and civil society. The afternoon saw a packed schedule of interviews on gender-related issues at the Climate Change Studio. Another highlight was the celebration of this year’s Momentum for Change: Women for Results award-winning lighthouse projects. The day came to a successful closure during a cocktail reception, which featured inspiring discussions on how to achieve a gender-responsive new climate change regime in 2015.

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